Sulfur is commonly used to create sulfuric acid, which is used in a number of different industries. Specifically, sulfuric acid is used to make fertilizers and lead-acid batteries. As well, sulfur is used in the production or inorganic chemicals, matches, explosives, cement, and glass.

Along with sulfuric acid, sulfur forms compounds such as hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide. Sulfur dioxide is used as a bleaching agent, solvent, disinfectant, and refrigerant. However, when combined with water it forms sulfurous acid, which is a major component of acid rain.

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